Border Security: Safe Country Challenges

Fake “Refugee Claimants”
MOHAMMAD MAJD MAHER HOMSI ET AL v. MCI ET AL
Court File: #IMM-775-17

NEDIRA JEMAL MUSTEFA v. MIRC ET AL
Court File: #IMM-2229-17

THE CANADIAN COUNCIL FOR REFUGEES ET AL v. MIRC ET AL
Court File: #IMM-2977-17

PREVIOUS AI/CCR/CCC CHALLENGES:

FIRST ATTEMPT TO KILL “SAFE COUNTRY” (1989)
(a) Federal Court, Trial Division, Rouleau J., [1989] 3 F.C. 3
Federal Court CCC 1989 canlii 9436
https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/fct/doc/1989/1989canlii9436/1989canlii9436.html

(b) Canadian Council of Churches v. Canada,
Federal Court of Appeal, [1990] 2 F.C. 534
FCA Safe Country Challenge 1990 canlii 8019
https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/fca/doc/1990/1990canlii8019/1990canlii8019.html

(c) Canadian Council of Churches v. Canada (Minister of Employment and Immigration), [1992] 1 S.C.R. 236
1992.SCC.Rules.No.Standing
https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/scc/doc/1992/1992canlii116/1992canlii116.html

SECOND ATTEMPT TO KILL “SAFE COUNTRY” (2007)
(a) 2008 ruling S3CA has no effect
Docket: IMM-7818-05
S3CA Provisions Struck Down
https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/fct/doc/2007/2007fc1262/2007fc1262.html

(b) The 2008 ruling is overturned on appeal
Canadian Council for Refugees v. Canada, 2008 FCA 229
Appeal granted, S3CA restored
https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/fca/doc/2008/2008fca229/2008fca229.html

THIRD ATTEMPT TO KILL “SAFE COUNTRY” (2015)
Federal Court rules that DCO, Designated Country of Origin, is discriminatory
2015 FC 892 Designated Country Of Origin
https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/fct/doc/2015/2015fc892/2015fc892.html

FOURTH ATTEMPT TO KILL “SAFE COUNTRY” (2017)
(a) 2017, Prothonotary Milczynski considers consolidation
IMM-2229-17, IMM-2977-17, IMM-775-17
Milczynski Considers Consolidation

(b) 2017, CJ Crampton transfers cases to J. Diner
Crampton Transfers Consolidated Cases

(c) 2017, Justice Diner grants public interest standing
Citation: 2017 FC 1131
Amnesty Int’l, CDN Councils of Churches, Refugees

(d) 2018, Justice Diner grants consolidation of 3 cases
Citation: 2018 FC 396
Cases to be consolidated

(e) 2018, Justice Diner allows more witnesses
Citation: 2018 FC 829
2018 Diner Calling More Witnesses

(f) 2019, Justice McDonald says no more witnesses
Citation: 2019 FC 418
2019.McDonald.No.More.Intervenors

(g) 2020, Justice McDonald strikes US as safe country
Citation: 2020 FC 770
McDonald.Strikes.US.As.Safe.Country
https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/fct/doc/2020/2020fc770/2020fc770.html

(h) 2021, April, Federal Court of Appeal overturns Federal Court decision, S3CA back in play
Federal Court of Appeal S3CA 2021 FCA 72
https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/fca/doc/2021/2021fca72/2021fca72.html

(i) 2022, October, Supreme Court hears appeal on S3CA challenge
https://scc-csc.ca/case-dossier/info/sum-som-eng.aspx?cas=39749
https://scc-csc.ca/case-dossier/info/af-ma-eng.aspx?cas=39749

SECURITY FROM STATE EXPECTED
Tran v. Canada (PS&EP) 2017 SCC 50 (CanLII)
http://archive.is/kDHgx
Tran.v.Canada.Security.Expected.From.State

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